Che Guevara from Argentina was a legendary political activist, who dedicated his life to bring about the downfall of imperialism and the establishment of socialism. It is through his relentless work that he became the counter cultural symbol of rebellion and revolution. Throughout his life, Guevara held numerous profiles, that of a doctor, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist.
From an early age, Guevara was disturbed by the disdainful living conditions of the poor, and the hardships faced by them. It was his early expeditions that left a deep impact on him and propelled the emotions of anger and resentment, making him a rebel. He is known to have played a significant role in the ‘Cuban Revolution’ along with Fidel Castro, and was responsible for the victory against the Batista regime. Post ‘Cuban Revolution,’ he shaped the economy of Cuba by coming up with progressive plans.
He was also responsible for the magnanimous increase in the literacy rate of Cuba from 60% to 96%. It was his confidence of creating the consciousness of ‘new man,’ driven by morals rather than material incentives that made him a revered figure in history. For the same, he was listed in ‘TIME’ magazine’s ‘100 most influential people of the 20th century.’
Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to foment revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully in Congo-Kinshasa and later in Bolivia, where he was captured by CIA-assisted Bolivian forces and summarily executed.
The U.S.-military-backed Bolivian forces captured Guevara on October 8 1967, while battling his band of guerillas in Bolivia and executed him the following day. His hands were cut off as proof of death and his body was buried in an unmarked grave. In 1997, Guevara’s remains were found and sent back to Cuba, where they were reburied in a ceremony attended by President Fidel Castro and thousands of Cubans.